The Order of the White Moon Gallery Presents
THE CHINESE GODDESS OF COMPASSION
© All original material in this site is under copyright protection and is the intellectual property of the author.
Known in the far east; Japan, Korea, Tibet, Viet Nam and China by many names and with a variety of spellings; Kuan-Yin (pronounced Koo-wan’yin) is also Kwan-Yin, Quan-Yin, Kwai-Yin and Kwannon. In China she is the personification of compassion itself, the “compassionate One” (1) and “the most powerful being in the entire Chinese Pantheon.” (7)
As the Chinese Buddhist bodhisattva “Kuan-Yin embodies the Divine Feminine” (1) and is known as the “Great Mother of China”. (8) She is the goddess of fertility, of healing and of magic. She is a mother figure, a friend, a guide and a protector for women. She is what ever you need her to be. For it is her sacred task to “hear the cries of the world” and to answer them with love, mercy and compassion.
It was during the first century C.E. that Buddhism was introduced into mainland China. Along with the Buddha came the teachings of the bodhisattva Avalokitesvara. He was a male figure, although by all appearances an androgynous being, and he was called Kuan Shin Yin by the Chinese.
Within the Lotus Sutra, now considered a sacred text, is the telling of the coming of Avalokitesvara (translated, “the lord who regards the cries of the world”) and of his choosing to delay his own final enlightenment in order to stay on earth and help others. However, the Chinese viewed the nurturing qualities being attributed to the man Kuan Shin Yin as more appropriately feminine.
So over time, by the seventh century, they had changed the Avalokitesvara from a male entity into the Goddess Kuan-Yin. It is the Goddess Kuan-Yin that has endured and who is loved by millions around the world today.
In Eastern mythology there are many stories written about the Goddess Kuan-Yin and how she came to be bodhisattva. My favorite is the one about Miao Shan a beautiful young woman and the youngest of three daughters. Because of her “unearthly virtue” (7) and her absolute devotion to Buddha she refused her fathers plans for an arranged marriage and entered a Buddhist nunnery.
Her father in a fit of rage burned the nunnery to the ground causing her death. Miao Shan was then carried by a rainbow to the heavens where, because of her innocent death, she was granted transmutation into the Divine World to become a female bodhisattva. Her soul was then returned to earth in human form as the bodhisattva Kuan-Yin where “she spent her days relieving the suffering of those in distress.” (9)
She was believed to have lived on the island of Pu Tuo Shan (translated; beautiful white flower), located off the coast of China, in her “sacred cave home of Ch’ao-Yin.” (5) Here, it’s written that, she aided women during child birth, she healed the sick and wounded and she saved the lives of sailors and fishermen. Even today, “On Pu Tuo Shan Kuan-Yin is called the Goddess of the Southern Sea and patroness of fishermen.” (8)
There are also stories from the Himalayas where travelers lost in storms are led to the safety of nearby caves by a young girl believed to be Kuan-Yin. However, the healing stories are the ones most often told and they are continuing to provide supportive evidence of her great powers and unwavering compassion.
Photo Copyright 2006(c)Etain
Due to Kuan-Yins great popularity statues of her are being found out side the traditional Buddhist temples. In China, Japan, Vietnam and Korea they are seen beside rivers, on hillsides and along the sea shore.
Here in the west she is found on home altars, on desktops and bedside tables and in sacred gardens. Many different images are being created today of Kuan-Yin in various postures and using a variety of materials.
Statues can easily be found at affordable prices; in wood, jade, marble, ceramic, porcelain, rock crystal etc.... She is sometimes depicted sitting on a lotus flower, a fish, an elephant, a dolphin, on the back of a lion-like beast or with dragons at her feet. She may be nursing a baby or holding a child. The boy Shan Ts’ai and the girl Lung Nu who some time assist Kuan-Yin may be seen at her feet on either side.
Photo Copyright 2006(c)Etain
The image of Kuan-Yin most often seen in my community is that of a tall, slender young Chinese woman, standing or floating on a lotus flower, barefooted and bejeweled dressed in long flowing white robes. Her head is veiled and she carries upon her face a soft gentle expression of love and compassion. In one hand she holds a small vase which contains Amitra “the dew of compassion” that is said to have the power to extend life, to cure and purify both body and mind when she pours or sprinkles it over human kind. (9)
Many honor the Goddess Kuan-Yin through the deeply rooted yet simple ritual of chanting. One that is often used, here in it’s shortened form, “Kuan Yin P’u-Sa”, is basically a greeting to the goddess. Another chant that I personally like is the Avalokitesvara mantra; “Om Mani Padme Hum”, which translated means “Hail to the Jewel in the Lotus”.
Just speaking her name is believed to draw her near and, in a chant-like repetition, is especially effective. I have added this simple chant while walking, creating a walking meditation. In the words of Patricia Monaghan, “worship need not be complicated to be effective. Kuan-Yin’s worship shows us how simple it can be to follow the Goddess path.” (11)
In my personal meditations with the Kuan-Yin she speaks with me as an ancient mother goddess. In the course of my research for this project I was thrilled to realize a sense of validation for my belief of such an ancient connection. Z. Budapest quotes Merlin Stone from her book, “Ancient Mirrors of Womanhood” that “the worship of Kuan-Yin is older than Buddhism by far. She was the ancient Nu Kwa. Both words Nu and Yin mean woman.” Nu Kwa was the creator goddess of ancient China, and a mythic remnant of “China’s Matriarchal Age”. (5) (7) (8)
Recent archaeological discoveries in China revealed evidence that early Nomadic peoples had worshiped the Earth Mother and were decedents of women who are believed to have been amazons. (9)
The ancient Goddess Pi-Hsia Yuan-Chin was to Chinese Taoists a major divinity and is believed to be one and the same as the Buddhist Kuan-Yin. Just as Goddess survived within the Christian beliefs as Holy Mary Mother of God; so she has endured within Buddhism as the bodhisattva Kuan-Yin. Perhaps it is in these “myths” that the truth lies.
Kuan-Yin’s special dates and celebrations:
Patricia Monaghan writes in her books, “The Goddess Companion” and “The Goddess Path” that traditionally there were several festival celebrations for the Goddess Kuan-Yin that took place on the nineteenth day of the second, sixth and ninth lunar months.
The first of these dates, February 19th was her birthday celebration and July 12th marks the date that she took her sacred vow to return to earth as bodhisattva. October 14th is another date for celebrating of Miao Shan’s transmutation into the all compassionate Kuan-Yin. April 5th is also a festival date where Kuan-Yin is celebrated in Japan and China. (2)
Sacred Symbols and Emblems of Kuan-Yin:
Of all the emblems that are sacred to Kuan-Yin it is water that is the most meaningful. When she bestows upon us her compassion it takes the form of rain or mystical showers sprinkled from her willow wand. Her shrines were often located near running water or situated with an especially beautiful view overlooking a nearby lake or sea.
Affirmations to Kuan-Yin:
From “Goddess For Every Season” by Nancy Blair (The following affirmations can be said individually or all together.)
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The Goddess Kuan-Yin with unending sympathy and compassion answers all our ritual prayers and requests including those for love and acceptance, fertility, health, wealth, children and magical insight. It is her sacred duty, by her own choosing, to relieve all suffering from the people of the world and to encourage their enlightenment.
The following is a Chinese hymn that I found to be particularly beautiful even translated into English. It comes from Patricia Monaghan’s book, “The Goddess Companion.”
Her elegant sashes flutter as she passes,
her white silk robe radiant as holy light,
her golden belts blessing the air.
A perfected mind and a golden body:
pearls and jade fringe her face
and dark hair coiled like a dragon;
brows like new moons, eyes like stars
and a flash of red from her joyous lips.
She holds a vase full of willow branches
from which she casts redeeming water.
Her orchid heart loves green bamboo
which grows on her sacred mountain,
in the cave of tidal sound.
----Chinese hymn to Kuan-Yin
From the book “Sacred Stones of the Goddess” by Galen Gillotte.
There are many spiritual paths that one may walk. How do you choose which is right for you? This spell/ritual is meant to aid you in your search. It will give you clarity of spirit and help you choose the path that is right for you. If you desire a deeper connection with Deity, this spell will help.
This spell is best done on a Monday during a waxing moon. Dawn is an ideal time, as it represents new beginnings.
“I walk my spiritual path with joy and confidence.”
Amethyst is a stone of the spirit. It may be used to deepen and enhance one’s spirituality, and will offer clarity in the realm of spirit. Even its color (purple) is a spiritual color. Violet, one of its shades, is the color of the seventh, or “crown” chakra. It also enhances dreaming and strengthens psychic abilities.
Kuan-Yin the Goddess of fertility, healing, magic, children, and health, is most well known for her compassion. Her compassion demands that She hears the cries of the world, and one of Her tasks is to lead others into enlightenment. Because of this quality, She is an ideal Goddess to call upon to help you find your spiritual path.
The Meditation (To Be Done In Circle):
Envision, if you will, a mountain. Its peak is shrouded in clouds and mystery. It is there that Deity resides. There are many paths up the mountain; it is only for you to chose one. You follow the paths with your eyes. Some are fairly easy.
Your eyes seek the easy ways, the gentle slopes. There are many spots to stop and rest or to simply enjoy the view. Others are more difficult; they appear to reach the top of the mountain by shorter routes, but also appear almost impossible to walk, with steep switch backs.
At times, there is an abandonment of the path altogether in favor of scaling sheer rock face straight up. Some paths go around obstacles, some over, and others through, with cunningly designed tunnels. You are totally confused: there are too many choices. As you think about your choice you become aware of a beautiful Lady standing at the foot of the mountain.
She is holding a lotus, at whose heart is a brilliant amethyst. She has the most compassionate smile you have ever seen. She holds out her hand to you. Without hesitation you take it, and together you begin to walk. The path that is yours makes itself known, with clarity and delight, and as it becomes more clear the Lady gives the lotus, with its deep purple heart, to you. It will ever be your guide to your spirituality.
Go to your ritual place. Set up your altar, cast your Circle, and request the presence of the Guardians. Invoke the goddess Kuan-Yin, and in the presence of All, bless your stone(s) by air, fire, water, earth and spirit. Sit quietly before your altar and, with stone in hand, engage in the meditation.
Keep your affirmation--to walk your spiritual path with joy and confidence--clearly before you. At the conclusion of the meditation, when it feels right to you, stand before your altar and intone the spell, directing energy into your stone(s) as you do so:
Kuan-Yin, Lady of Grace,
grant me a glimpse of
my spiritual place.
Too long I’ve been
deprived of the light;
show me the path
that will set things right.
So mote it be.
When ready, give thanks to All present for Their assistance. Open the Circle and close the Temple. You may wear the amethyst on your person, or place it in the pouch or small box and keep it under your pillow. Each day you should hold the gem, keeping in mind your affirmation, and speak the incantation in order to bring your purpose into being.
For my original art I would like to share the prayer beads that I made of amethyst beads for the Goddess Kuan-Yin using the basic instructions from Part Six of Galen Gillotte book "Sacred Stones of the Goddess". I dedicated them by using the above ritual and I keep them in a purple velvet pouch. I use them often in meditation and prayer at my Kuan-Yin altar.
Photo Copyright 2006(c)Etain
- (1) Kuan Yin Divine Giver of Compassion by Manuela Dunn Mascetti
- (2) 365 Goddess by Patricia Telesco
- (4) Goddess For Every Season by Nancy Blair
- (5) Grandmother Moon by Zsuzsanna E. Budapest
- (6) Sacred Stones of the Goddess by Galen Gillotte
- (7) The Book of Goddesses & Heroines by P. Monaghan
- (8) The Woman’s Encyclopedia of Myths & Secrets by Barbara Walker
- (9) Sacred Places of Goddess 108 Destinations by Karen Tate
- (10) The Goddess Path and
- (11) The Goddess Companion by Patricia Monaghan
Copyright 2006 (c) Etain